Juvenile Court

Juvenile focuses on two different types of cases that involve children under the age of 18 (minors). Juvenile Dependency matters involve cases related to the abuse and/or neglect of a minor, while Juvenile Delinquency matters involve violations of criminal laws by a minor. 
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NEWS & INFORMATION ABOUT JUVENILE LAW

Juvenile matters are confidential and many proceedings are not open to the public. Juvenile records are confidential and can only be released to officers of the court, specific agencies, or by order of the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court. Due to the confidentiality of juvenile records, information cannot be shared over the telephone.
 

MORE ABOUT MINORS AND THE LAW

Other kinds of cases that may involve children, such as child custody and child support are addressed in the Family Law section of the website. Guardianships are addressed in the Probate section, and name changes are addressed in the Self-Help section.

COURTHOUSE INFORMATION

 

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JUVENILE COURT JURISDICTION

The Juvenile Court has exclusive original jurisdiction over:
  1. All delinquent minors (under 18 years old) wherein the minor is alleged to have committed an act which act would be criminal if s/he were an adult (Section 602 at seq. of the Welfare and Institutions Code);
  2. All minors who are alleged to have been neglected or abused by their parentor guardian, by either commission or omission (Section 300 et seq. Welfare and Institutions Code),
  3. All incorrigible minors, e.g., beyond the control of parents, chronic truants, runaways, disobedient to lawful parent rules, etc. (Section 601 Welfare and Institutions code).
  4. As a matter of law and judicial philosophy, our job in Juvenile Court is to protect the minor from him/herself and from others (both 300’s and 602’s) and protect the community from minors who pose a threat to the persons or property of others. Rehabilitation of the minor is another critically important component of our work. Rehabilitation remains the primary aim, even when the minor receives "therapeutic" detention.
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